The 4 most common garment wash methods

The process that is used to transform the outlook appearance, warmness & fashion appeal of the garments is called garment washing. Garment pre-wash became popular, especially since 1978 when jeans garments started pre-washing and got instant popularity. It’s usually done after stitching and gives a different look to the clothes. Based on consumer demands and fashion trends, different washing types can be applied to garments depending on the fabrics. For example, stone enzyme wash is required for denim items, but light softener wash is perfect for knitted items such as swimwear and activewear.


Stone wash means washing garments with special stones so that garment achieves a very strong washed effect. With the clothes fully immersed in the water, the stones and clothes can be in good contact for grinding. The thicker the fabrics are, the more faded/damaged effect comes out. Suitable for Denim or thicker fabrics.


Sand wash is adding chemicals to give clothes a certain fading effect and is old-fashioned after washing. If it is applied with stone wash, the surface of the cloth will have a layer of soft and white hair after washing, and also be softer and more comfortable. Suitable for fabrics including cotton composition.


Enzyme is performed with a kind of live cell that can break some fibers of fabric and give the fabric the special effect desired on the garment. Enzyme wash provides the fabric with a soft, sanded, or “peached” effect very desirable on many garments. Enzyme wash is also useful for indigo denim.

In this case, Enzyme can replace stone but give the denim a stone-wash look, with better and nicer blue and white contrast on the fabric. However, enzyme wash is costlier than stone wash.


Acid Wash is the most common and popular washing process in the washing section. Acid washing is a process of partially bleaching with chlorine bleach. Most of the time, pumic stone is used during acid wash. Pumice stone is a lightweight stone produced from volcanic explosions. The pumic Stone is used as a brush. The action between garments and the pumic stone surface produces a fading effect. The more action happens, the more fading effect is produced and vice versa. To minimize the cost and Washing standard matching foam is used.

With tie dye and garment washing effects becoming a fashion trend in 2020, D&J is proud to be a manufacturer that offers 1 stop solution to fashion brands we can provide material sourcing, customized fabrics and trims, garment washing techniques, manufacturing, and related accessory production, such as swimming googles and caps, yoga mats and surfing boards.

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